Orthodontist (Braces)

Dr. Eric Babayan (orthodontist) was born and raised in Southern California and graduated high school from Glendale High School. He then attended the University of California at San Diego and the University of California at Los Angeles for his undergraduate studies. After graduating, he stayed in the area to attend dental school at the University of California at Los Angeles.



After dental school, Dr. Babayan completed a general practice residency at the Los Angeles County/University of Southern California Medical Center. While in dental school and during his general practice residency, Dr. Babayan developed a strong passion for orthodontics. He then went on to the University of Rochester/Eastman Dental Center in Rochester, New York as one of six students accepted into the program to receive his orthodontic degree. After graduation, he moved back home to Southern California.

Dr. Babayan is a member of the American Association of Orthodontists, the American Dental Society, the California Dental Association, Delta Sigma Delta Dental Fraternity, Pacific Coast Society of Orthodontics, California Association of Orthodontics, and is board eligible in orthodontics.
Dr. Babayan enjoys traveling, hiking, weight lifting and playing baseball, basketball, and tennis. He also loves to watch professional baseball, basketball, football and tennis and college basketball and football. His favorite teams include the Los Angeles Dodgers, Los Angeles Lakers and, of course, his alma mater, UCLA. Dr. Babayan looks forward to continuing the goal of building healthy bites and beautiful smiles here at our practices.

Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that is concerned with the study and treatment of malocclusions (improper bites), which may be a result of tooth irregularity, disproportionate jaw relationships, or both.
Orthodontic treatment can focus on dental displacement only, or can deal with the control and modification of facial growth. In the latter case it is better defined as "dentofacial orthopedics".
Orthodontic treatment can be carried out for purely aesthetic reasons with regards to improving the general appearance of patients' teeth. However, there are orthodontists who work on reconstructing the entire face rather than focusing exclusively on teeth. Treatment is most often prescribed for practical reasons such as providing the patient with a functionally improved bite (occlusion).


Treatments

Phase I treatment
Phase I treatment is sometimes referred to as Early treatment. In Phase I we can make changes to the bone and jaw that cannot be made once the child has reached his or her full growth.
Habit appliances to correct harmful habits such as thumb sucking or tongue thrusting may be used in phase I treatment. Also, to prevent crowding in the adult dentition, space management may be done in phase I treatment.

Full treatment
Complete treatment will include bands, brackets, wires and possibly other orthodontic appliances. Complete treatment is to align the patient's teeth into an ideal relationship, along with giving balance and aesthetics to the patient's face.


Procedures

The following procedures are offered by our office:

  • Braces
  • Crowding Treatment
  • Overbite Treatment
  • Crossbite Treatment
  • Openbite Treatment
  • Skeletal Abnormality Treatment
  • Spaces between Treatment
  • Thumb (and Finger) Sucking
  • Tongue Thrusting Treatment
  • Early Treatment - Phase 1 Growth and Development
  • Limited Treatment
  • Retainers
  • Impacted Teeth
  • Simpli 5 (Express Aligner System)




Methods
If the main goal of the treatment is the dental displacement, most commonly a fixed multibracket therapy is used. In this case orthodontic wires are inserted into dental braces, which can be made from stainless steel or a more aesthetic ceramic material.

Dental braces, with a powerchain, removed after completion of treatment.

 



Also removable appliances, or "plates", headgear, expansion appliances, and many other devices can be used to move teeth. Functional and orthopaedics appliances are used in growing patients (age 5 to 14) with the aim to modify the jaw dimensions and relationship if these are altered. This therapy is frequently followed by a fixed multibracket therapy to align the teeth and refine the occlusion.

Hawley retainers are the most common type of retainers. This picture shows retainers for the top and bottom of the mouth.

 

 

 

After a course of active orthodontic treatment, patients will often wear retainers, which will maintain the teeth in their improved position while the surrounding bone reforms around them. The retainers are generally worn full-time for a short period, perhaps 6 months to a year, and then worn periodically (typically nightly during sleep) for as long as the orthodontist recommends. It is possible for the teeth to stay aligned without regular retainer wear. However, there are many reasons teeth will crowd as a person ages; thus there is no guarantee that teeth, orthodontically treated or otherwise, will stay aligned without retention. For this reason, many orthodontists recommend periodic retainer wear for many years (or indefinitely) after orthodontic treatment.
Appropriately trained doctors align the teeth with respect to the surrounding soft tissues, with or without movement of the underlying bones, which can be moved either through growth modification in children or jaw surgery (orthognathic surgery) in adults.

Headgear & J-hooks for connection into the patient's mouth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Several appliances are utilized for growth modification; including functional appliances, Headgear and Facemasks.
These "orthopedic appliances" may influence the development of an adolescent's profile and give an improved aesthetic and functional result.


Conditions
The most common condition that the methods of orthodontics are used for is correcting anteroposterior discrepancies. Another common situation leading to orthodontic treatment is crowding of the teeth.

Anteroposterior Discrepancies
Anteroposterior discrepancies are deviations between the teeth of the upper and lower jaw in the anteroposterior direction. For instance, the top teeth can be too far forward relative to the lower teeth ("increased overjet".) The headgear is attached to the braces via metal hooks or a facebow and is anchored from the back of the head or neck with straps or a head-cap. Elastic bands are typically then used to apply pressure to the bow or hooks. Its purpose is to slow-down or stop the upper jaw from growing, hence preventing or correcting an overjet. For more details and photographs, see Orthodontic headgear.

Orthodontic treatment of crowded teeth; the canine is being pulled down into proper position with highly flexible co-axial wire. This patient also presents with a cross bite, where the upper molar is more lingual (towards the tongue) than the opposing lower molar.






Crowding of teeth
Another common situation leading to orthodontic treatment is crowding of the teeth. In this situation, there is insufficient room for the normal complement of adult teeth, which may require tooth removal in order to make enough room for the remaining teeth.

Diagnosis and treatment planning
In diagnosis and treatment planning, the orthodontist must (1) recognize the various characteristics of malocclusion and dentofacial deformity; (2) define the nature of the problem, including the etiology if possible; and (3) design a treatment strategy based on the specific needs and desires of the individual. (4) present the treatment strategy to the patient in such a way that the patient fully understands the ramifications of his/her decision.